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Bistable relay

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Bistable relay

This simple circuit turns on and off a coil with a momentary switch, then it works as a bistable relay. The circuit is supplied by 12 Volt DC and drives a 5 Volt -125 ohm coil. When the button is pressed both transistors switch on, but the coil takes a voltage of about 2,5 Volt, so it keeps off. By releasing the button the Q2 transistor keeps on for a bit due to the capacitor; since the coil takes almost 5 Volt the relay switches on and closes the circuit between the pins 11 and 14.
When the button is pressed again the Q1 transistor turns on, it causes a power outage on the base of the Q2 transistor and discharges the capacitor; the relay coil takes a voltage of 2,5 Volts and keeps on due to the hysteresis. By releasing the button the Q2 transistor would back on within several milliseconds because of the capacitor. But the relay is faster and backs to the start condition. Similar solutions are often used instead of the mechanical bistable relay, especially when the circuit must reset by switching off the power supply.
This bistable circuit does not use electromechanical components. I used just a NE555 timer to toggle on and off a LED diode.

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